Perhaps it is difficult to find a person today who does not know that the thyroid gland is responsible for metabolic processes in the body, and therefore a violation of its functioning inevitably leads to a number of diseases. It starts with the usual malaise, apathy, frequent headaches, and then the disease takes the form of a protracted depression. However, this is only the top of the iceberg.
Further, the destruction of bone cells occurs, since it is the thyroid gland that produces the peptide hormone (calcitonin), which compensates for the wear of the bones, that is, it produces substances that prevent their destruction. In this case, the diseases of the thyroid gland itself can be of two types: with a decreased endocrine function, hypothyroidism, and with increased thyrotoxicosis or hyperthyroidism. With neglected states, endemic goiter may develop, and even cretinism.
Many people associate problems with the thyroid gland with the aggravation of spring diseases. However, there is no direct consequence here. After all, the main cause of the disease is a deficiency or an overabundance of iodine in the body. The daily requirement of the body in iodine is 100-150 mcg. So, if you adhere to the basic principles of the prevention of thyroid diseases all year round, then with the onset of the spring metabolic disorders, such painful manifestations are not connected in any way.
Diseases of the thyroid gland are expressed in a whole bouquet of symptoms. So, with hypothyroidism, there is a constant weakness, excessive fatigue, you do not want to go anywhere and do something, memory problems, potency, the menstrual cycle is broken, the skin and the hair comes dry, the nails are brittle, the face becomes swollen, cholesterol rises, sleep worsens, pressure jumps, constipation, weight gain and prolonged depression are noted.
Did you notice such symptoms? They indicate a pronounced deficiency of iodine in the body, which your endocrine glands literally scream about. However, thyroid dysfunction can also be the result of your physical activity. Both overtraining and lack of exercising can wreck your thyroid gland:
#1. Too much sitting. With a decrease in efficiency and endurance, people do not want to load themselves. This is a completely wrong approach. Daily physical activity should not be absent. It is better to replace lifting on the elevator with using the stairs, and walking is better than driving a car. On weekends walks in the park or forest are good. Change passive home rest for active time in the open air.
#2. Too much training volume. Do moderate exercise for 2.5 hours a week. You should choose exercises that give moderate load.
#3. Not enough time building aerobic base. These kinds of sports loads contribute to the burning of excess calories. Another positive effect will be an increase in the endurance of the body. It is this type of exercise that should be your base. It is important to choose the right pace of training. It should be moderate. The minimum loading time should be half an hour, and the maximum time – an hour. Aerobic training includes riding a bike, dancing and running.
#4. Too much lactic acid training. Although regular physical activity can alleviate some of the symptoms of thyroid disease, it is better not to overdo lactic acid training. Aerobic exercises in combination with cardio and weight lifting with moderate loads is the best idea in this case.
#5. Not enough heavy lifts. In addition to aerobic training, weight lifting will also help in the fight against excess weight and can normalize the work of the thyroid gland. These exercises strengthen the muscles that burn calories and maintain general health.
Regular movement of the intestine can help remove excess sodium and water from the body. Removing these elements and other unnecessary residues will help you lose weight and maintain overall health. In order to remove salt and water, you need to regularly consume fiber. Try to consume 35-40 mg of fiber from soluble and insoluble sources. Soluble fiber can be found here: oatmeal, legumes, apples, peaches and flax. Insoluble fiber can be obtained from whole wheat and brown rice.
Vegetables such as broccoli, zucchini, carrots and cabbage contain insoluble fiber. Drinking large amounts of water during the day will help you avoid dehydration and retention of water in the body, as well as weight from water. Try to limit eating unhealthy foods and fast foods, which are crammed with sodium salts. Potato chips, nachos, pizza, burgers, cakes and ice cream do not contribute to weight loss, and do not remove excess water and salt from the body.