Kidneys belong to the group of organs that are considered to be the most important ones in the human body. They are important for maintaining the stability and for the filtration of the blood, preventing the build-up of waste products and fluids.
They also regulate the blood pressure, promote the production of new red blood cells, balance the levels of electrolytes and they keep our bones strong and healthy. When the function of the kidneys is compromised, it will have a negative impact on our overall health, which is the reason why it is so important to recognize the symptoms of kidney damage, and prevent the condition while it is in its early stage.
We are going to discuss the most common symptoms that indicate that the kidneys are damaged:
- Changes in urination
The changes in urination are one of the early signs that the kidneys are failing. These changes include an appearance of urine containing blood, foamy urine, increased urination frequency with pale urine, reduced urination frequency with dark colored urine, difficulties urinating or urinating in the middle of the night.
An unexpected swelling can be a sign of kidney failure. When the kidneys are not working as they should be, they are unable to remove the excess fluids from the body, which will eventually lead to swelling in your legs, feet, ankles, hands, and face.
- Upper back pain
If you are suffering from kidney damage, you will probably experience pain in your upper back. The kidney pain is usually manifested by a pain in one side, and it is commonly accompanied by fever and urinary changes. If you are dealing with severe pain and spasms, it could mean that you are suffering from kidney stones or some kidney infection.
- Shortness of breath
If you are dealing with kidney damage, your body is oftentimes starved of oxygen. The lack of oxygen can lead to shortness of breath, which in turn is caused by a waste and fluid build-up in your lungs.
If you have healthy kidneys, the production of EPO (erythropoietin), which is a hormone that is responsible for the encouragement of the bone marrow to form new red blood cells, is normal. But if your kidneys are damaged, they will not produce the sufficient amount of EPO, which will result in a lack of fresh red blood cells, which means that the oxygen will not be carried in sufficient amounts.
When this happens, the muscles and the brain become easily fatigued, and the body is colder, more tired and it cannot effectively focus. The shortage of red blood cells that can carry oxygen often leads to anemia.
- Metallic taste in your mouth
A change in your food preferences or a loss of appetite can happen as a result of the accumulation of waste in your blood. This is one of the most common signs of kidney damage.