The process of treating diabetes can be very difficult.
As diabetes has become a widespread disease, the purpose of this article is to warn you of the symptoms and the risks of developing this dangerous disease.
How Does Our Body Work?
Glucose, or also known as sugar, provides a source of energy for the human body. We get our glucose from the food we eat, basically from sugars in our food.
When we consume nutrients, our digestive system disintegrates the food into glucose. Then, our stomach sends the glucose into our blood and it is spread out through the cells in our body. In this way our body creates blood sugar. Glucose is required for normal functioning of the body. Our organs depend on glucose to provide them with energy. Glucose is transported through the circulatory system with the help of insulin, secreted by the pancreas. Its function is to deliver the glucose to the cells.
How to Recognize Uncontrolled Diabetes?
There are two types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes
The pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin which results in a significant amount of glucose stuck in our bloodstream and eventually creates blood sugar overload. Type 1 diabetes occurs predominantly in children and young adults.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. Statistics on diabetes show that 29.1 million individuals with diabetes live in the United States. In this type of diabetes, the pancreas can produce insulin, but the cells in your body (for different reasons), are unable to use it properly, which is called insulin resistance. Then, the pancreas makes extra insulin to make up the insulin resistance and allow the cells a proper supply of it. However, as the cells receive more and more insulin, they become more and more resistant to it, which results in many health complications. In fact, they create more and more sugar in our blood levels.
High blood sugar levels cause permanent damage to our organs.
How uncontrolled diabetes affects your heart, nerves, kidneys, eyes, brain, and teeth?
A study from 2011, focused on cardiovascular diseases, showed that the risk of heart attack in people diagnosed with diabetes, can increase from 100% to 400%. It was also concluded that the risk ratio is the same for coronary artery disease, heart failure and other cardiovascular complications. The coronary artery disease can develop for many other factors as well, but in patients diagnosed with diabetes, it develops much more rapidly. High blood sugar levels seriously affect the arteries which carry oxygen-rich blood to your heart. This conditions comes as a result of more cholesterol build-up in the arteries. Over time, arteries become clogged, which increase the risk of a heart attack. High cholesterol, obesity, and high blood pressure can also be risk factors for developing coronary artery disease.
According to a study published in 2005 by the American Family Physician, almost 50% of patients with diabetes in the United States have experienced nerve damage. This nerve damage occurs as a result of the increase of blood sugar levels. When the nerves get less oxygen, nerve damage can be severe. The symptoms are usually felt on the legs, hands, and reproductive organs, depending on the part of the body that is affected.
Diabetics experience two types of nerve damage, sensory-motor and peripheral damage and autonomic nerve damage.
Sensory-motor and peripheral damage symptoms include: tingling sensation, increased sensitivity, cramps, numbness, sharp pain, weak muscles, loss of balance and coordination.
Autonomic nerve damage is manifested by: constipation, bladder problems, vaginal dryness, eye problems, tachycardia, dizziness.
The main function of the kidneys is to remove waste products and excess fluid from the body through urine. The blood that gets filtrated with the kidneys also contains beneficial substances like red blood cells and proteins. Our kidneys cannot filter these ingredients, and they remain in our veins, helping our body to function normally.
But, uncontrolled diabetes can seriously damage the filters of our kidneys. Over time, the filtration process will be completely suppressed. Many disorders occur as a result of failure of the kidneys to filter your urine. The most serious ones are microalbuminuria and diabetic nephropathy.
Eyes are very sensitive organs, which is why they are susceptible to any change in the body. People who are diagnosed with diabetes experience vision problems and have a higher risk of blindness. Moreover, uncontrolled diabetes can increase the danger of cataract, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, and diabetic macular edema.
A study from Diabetologia, published in 2007, showed that type 1 diabetes affects the brain function: slows its performance and reduces cognitive ability. Type 2 diabetes patients are also exposed to the risk of brain damage. These patients tend to develop progressive cerebrovascular disease and cognitive impairment.
Many oral problems are associated with high blood sugar levels. Many kinds of bacteria grow in the mouth that can create plaque on your teeth. The high levels of blood sugar can help the development of bacteria as they additionally erode the enamel, which is a result of excess glucose. The enamel of the teeth is a protective layer that protects the teeth from decay and cavities. Moreover, bad oral hygiene contributes to the plaque spread. These teeth complications can further develop into tooth decay, gingivitis, cavities, and periodontitis.