Your immune system works hard to protect you from harmful substances and foreign bodies, which can potentially affect your well-being.
But sometimes your defensive mechanisms may make mistakes, identifying harmless substances like pet dander, pollen or certain odors as foreign dangerous invaders. In this situation immune system produces special proteins called antibodies and triggers inflammation.
That’s why some of us experience runny nose, skin rash or difficulty breathing, when being exposed to allergens.
It’s not uncommon that allergy affects airways and lungs, causing narrowing and swelling of the tubes that normally carry air to and out the lungs.
Nobody can’t predict, whether or not you’ll have allergy to certain substances. However having family history of allergic reactions can increase your chances to get allergy asthma.
Actually among 25 million American people who live with asthma, approximately 60% have allergic variant of this disorder.
In the majority of cases, asthma develops when you inhale allergens such as tobacco smoke, dust mites, tree pollen or chemical fumes. But it’s also possible that you develop allergic asthma after eating eggs, shellfish, peanuts or wheat.
Allergy-induced asthma looks similar to regular asthma. People, who have the attack, complain of difficulty exhaling air, tightness and discomfort in the chest, breathlessness and cough. You may hear distant whistling and wheezing, when stay near the person with asthma.
If not treated properly, this condition may become serious and even life-threatening.
What should you do, if noticed asthma symptoms in yourself or in someone near you?
First of all, you need to expand the bronchi in order to allow the air to flow freely in and out the lungs.
Short-acting rescue inhalers may help you reduce bronchospasm, remove mucus from your lungs and improve breathing.
If attacks occur too often, your doctor may recommend inhaling steroids in order to control asthma for extended period of time.
Another kind of controller drugs are long-acting bronchodilators. But they are usually used in combination with corticosteroids to keep asthma under the control effectively.
It’s worth knowing that antihistamine medicines work good for skin rash and itching, but don’t really help in the case of allergic asthma.
Immunotherapy is a therapy, designed to fight off asthma and allergy altogether.
It includes allergy shots and leukotriene pills.
Allergy shots are regular injections of small amounts of allergens. This helps your body tolerate main asthma trigger and eliminate symptoms. However it takes several years to reach the effect.
Another option is oral medication called Montelucast. This pills should be taken several months before expected allergy season begins, in order to provide adequate body response to allergens. It is used only for severe cases of poorly-controlled allergic asthma.
Make an appointment with allergist, if you suspect that you or beloved one suffer from allergy-induced asthma. Medical professional will check additional tests and recommend appropriate treatment, depending on severity, frequency and duration of your symptoms.