Diabetes is an autoimmune disease, which can occur because of high levels of blood sugar. According to the statistics, more than 380 million people are suffering from diabetes across the world.
There are three types of diabetes. There is type 1, which happens when the body is not able to produce sufficient levels of insulin, type 2, which happens because of insulin resistance and type 3 which can happen during pregnancy.
The main factors that can lead to diabetes are family history with this diseases, low levels of vitamin D and a weakened immune system. Other factors include high levels of cholesterol, obesity, high blood pressure, high triglyceride levels and polycystic ovary syndrome. The most common type of this disease is the type 2 diabetes and it affects millions of people every year.
Statistics show that from 2014 onward, about 90 percent of the people that are suffering from diabetes are also obese. Diabetes is a disease that does not have specific symptoms early on, which makes it very hard to detect, and easy to miss. But, by learning some of the early symptoms, you can prevent this disease from inflicting additional damage to your body. The early symptoms of diabetes are:
Frequent urge to urinate
One of the main signs of type 1 and 2 diabetes are the frequent trips to the bathroom. It is a symptom that is also known as polyuria and can happen due to the high levels of sugar in your blood. When this happens, your kidneys will work much harder to eliminate the excess glucose, which in turn will result in a frequent urge to urinate.
If you go to the bathroom very often, that will dehydrate your body, which will result in you having a frequent thirst. In this case, drinking juices and sodas will make the situation even worse, because these drinks are packed with sugar. If the thirst is so persistent that it does not go away after drinking water, we recommend visiting your doctor.
Hunger is yet another symptom of diabetes. Individuals that are suffering from this disease are hungrier than usual, which results in them eating a lot more, which in turn results in an increased sensitivity to insulin. When the cells in the human body experience lack of glucose, the body will seek more of it, which will result in food cravings.
Slow healing wounds
Diabetics often suffer from slow healing of minor wounds or cuts. If you have high levels of blood sugar, your arteries will be hardened, which will make your blood vessels narrower. This will result in a decrease of oxygen and blood flow to the area that is affected by these wounds or cuts. What is more, high levels of blood sugar will also affect the normal function of your red blood cells. These cells have a function to transport the important nutrients to the tissues in your body.
If you have high blood sugar levels over extended periods of time, you will experience a weakened immune system, which will make you much more susceptible to infections. These infections will usually occur in the urinary tract or on your skin. Diabetic individuals are suffering from recurring infections because they have a weak immune system. If you are experiencing these problems, it is for the best to go and visit your doctor.
Sudden weight loss
Obesity is closely related to diabetes, but so is a sudden weight loss. This can happen because of two reasons – the inability to absorb calories from the sugars in the blood, or excess loss of water in your body, because of the frequent urination.
Weakness and fatigue
One of the most important and often ignored symptoms of diabetes is fatigue. The high levels of blood sugar and the imbalanced oxygen and blood flow will weaken your cells which will result in a feeling of weakness. A 2014 study showed that chronic fatigue should be added to the list of early diabetes symptoms.
Tingling sensation and numbness in the legs and arms
Because of the high blood sugar and the imbalanced blood and oxygen flow to the nerves and tissues, you may experience tingling and numbness sensation in your limbs. This problem is a serious one, which can lead to arterial disease, or in some cases even diabetic peripheral neuropathy.
Dry and itchy skin
Because of the poor circulation in your body, which diabetes causes, the sweat glands may become dysfunctional and make your skin dry and itchy. This same problem will make your skin more prone to yeast and fungal infections and can also cause dark patches on your skin.
High levels of blood sugar and diabetes can also cause blurry vision. This will make your eye lenses swell and it will greatly affect your ability to focus. When you regulate the levels of your blood sugar, your vision should return back to normal. But, in case you leave this problem untreated, it can down the line result in cataract, glaucoma or retinopathy, conditions which may require surgery.