Most women think that breast pain is related to cancer, which makes them worried. But the truth is that breast pain is associated with cancer in a very small percentage of the cases.
Because of this fact, you need to be aware of the different reasons which can cause pain in the breasts. At some point in their lives, most women experience breast pain. The reason for that is sometimes because of hormonal changes, menstruation or pregnancy.
In large percentage of the cases, women experience sensitivity and inflammation in their breasts. But they don’t need to worry, because it is not linked to anything serious, as it can be only a sign of hormonal changes.
If you don’t notice any abnormalities when you are doing a self-breast test, but you can still feel the pain, then there is a possibility that other diseases have something to do with it.
The most common causes of breast pain are:
- Hormonal causes
In general, when teenagers get their first period, they feel some kind of pain in their breasts. PMS can also cause pain before the menstruation.
Tons of women experience this kind of pain during their fertile years. They can feel the pain more frequently during their menstrual cycle, and it can occur simultaneously in the days before their period and ovulation.
These two phases lead to a change in the feminine hormone levels.
It is important to note that one of the first symptoms of pregnancy is breast pain. Women that are younger, or ladies that are pregnant for the first time, tend to be more sensitive than others.
In almost 90% of the cases, in the first trimester of their pregnancy, women will experience pain, a sign of an increase in their blood flow (visible blue veins) and generally larger breasts.
Women that have just given birth will experience breast pain, no matter if they decide to breastfeed or not. The reason why this happens is because of the increase in milk.
But, they need to be very careful, because if the pain is intensive and frequent, it can indicate some kind of infection, virus, fungus or a sign of mastitis. The most common symptoms are fever, pain, and reddening in the breasts.
Mastitis is an inflammation of the breasts, which can come as a result of the obstruction of the milk ducts. Mastitis can happen because of a breast infection that has been previously caused by fungus, bacteria or a virus.
The first signs of this infection are swelling, tenderness, redness and pain. You might start to feel unwell, like you are having the flu. You can experience headaches, pain and raised temperature.
- Cysts in the breasts
This problem comes from inside your breasts. Cysts are a kind of a sack that is filled with liquid and occurs when the mammary glands increase in size.
It is important to know that these cysts are benign and characterize themselves by producing breast pain. When these cysts increase in size, they can actually be felt by touching them. Some of them, however, may require a mammogram or a sonogram to be detected.
- Abscesses in the breasts
Breast abscesses are manifested as accumulation of pus in the mammary tissues. To be more precise, it is a type of infection, which can lead to breast pain.
It can happen as a result of bacteria that enters your breasts from breastfeeding problems or through the cracks in the nipples. In this case, it is best to visit your doctor in order to get a proper treatment.
- Breast cancer
If a person is suffering from a breast cancer, the pain appears much later. If you notice some abnormalities in your breasts, you need to seek medical help in order to treat the problem on time.
How to treat and prevent breast pain:
You need to know that in order to treat breast pain you don’t need to take strong medications. But you also need to make some changes in your lifestyle, which will help you treat and prevent the problem:
- Do not wear small bras
- Your diet needs to be rich in fruits, grains and vegetables, and low in fat
- In order to stabilize the levels of your hormones, you need to keep a balanced weight
- You need to apply home remedies like lemon juice, coffee compresses, water or vinegar
- Increase the amount of vitamins B1, B6, and E